Just like any other part of a vehicle, there are several possible faults that a shock absorber, also known as a damper, might experience. Some of the common faults include:
One of the most common faults with shock absorbers is fluid leakage. Over time, the seals or valves in the shock absorber may wear out or become damaged, leading to fluid leaks. This can result in reduced damping performance and a bouncy or unstable ride.
Wear and tear
With regular use, shock absorbers can experience wear and tear, especially on internal components such as piston rings and valves. This can reduce damping effectiveness, resulting in a harsher ride and reduced stability.
Damaged or broken mounts
The mounts that attach the shock absorber to the vehicle’s chassis can become damaged or broken due to rough road conditions or accidents. This can cause excessive movement or misalignment of the shock absorber, leading to poor suspension performance and noise.
Internal component failure
Various internal components of a shock absorber, such as valves, pistons, and springs, can fail over time. This can result in inconsistent damping performance, uneven suspension movement, and increased vibrations.
Under extreme driving conditions or heavy loads, shock absorbers can generate excessive heat. If the heat is not dissipated adequately, it can cause the fluid inside the shock absorber to degrade, leading to reduced performance and potential failure.
External factors such as road debris, rocks, or collisions can cause physical damage to the shock absorber, resulting in leaks, bent components, or misalignment. This can affect the overall damping ability and stability of the vehicle.
Age and degradation
Shock absorbers have a finite lifespan, and their effectiveness can deteriorate as they age. The internal components may become less responsive, leading to reduced damping performance and diminished ride quality.
If you suspect a fault with your shock absorbers, it is recommended to have them inspected by a qualified mechanic who can diagnose the specific issue and determine the appropriate course of action, which may involve repair or replacement.
ALSO READ: 10 Things To Know About Driving In Lagos